Report on observation of 2009 presidential and provincial council election
Afghanistan's second Presidential and Provincial Council Elections were held on August 20, 2009 and were administered by the Independent Election Commission of Afghanistan in six phases including the Voter Registration, Candidate Nomination, Campaign Period, Election Day, Tabulation and Result Verification, and Audit and Recount. The Free and Fair Election Foundation of Afghanistan (FEFA), observed all phases of the election process through the deployment of 7137 observers across Afghanistan, with the objective of ensuring a free, fair and transparent electoral process and promoting public participation in the election through greater awareness and information dissemination, thus help in building public confidence in the process and support the cause of democracy in Afghanistan. The 2009 election, as an exercise of democracy was conducted amidst serious security crisis. Lack of security not just hindered the smooth running of the election process from the administrative point of view, but also affected the scale and extent of activity of national and international observer organizations. To begin with, FEFA could only cover 60% of the country. Observers' inability to reach to all areas in Afghanistan was one of the factors affecting the transparency of the process as a whole. Furthermore, administrative, technical, communication and logistical problems faced by IEC and the ECC added to the questions of lack of independence of both the entities, thus paving the grounds for electoral offences, irregularities and violations to be committed by many including IEC and ECC local staff, senior government officials, members of Parliament, candidates and their supporters.
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