How should the parliament have effective oversight over government?

The findings of the FEFA study of parliament show that parliament did not perform well in oversight of the government in the 16th session. Parliament merely uses the mechanisms for hearing of the reports of state institutions, questioning of senior government officials, and interpellation /impeaching of some senior officials in a formal and nominal manner that yields no significant results. Parliament has disqualified ministers on several occasions, but the ministers continued to work as acting ministers, with zero accountability and responsiveness to parliament remained on power and misappropriated and embezzled the resources of the ministries with no limitations. Parliament abolished the presidential legislative decree on the taxation of mobile credit, but the government disregarded parliament's decision and continued to impose a tax on credit. In addition, the president has illegally issued dozens of legislative decrees. Because under Article 79 of the Constitution, the government can only issue legislative decrees when the Wolesi Jirga is closed and it was urgent and necessary, with the exception of budgetary and financial affairs. These decrees shall be submitted to the Assembly within 7 days of the date of the first session of the National Assembly and shall be revoked if rejected by the National Assembly. In practice, however, the government has issued legislative decrees that have no necessity or urgency, and on the other hand, the parliament have also not been closed/on vacation. In general, despite the fact that under the Articles 69 and 77 of the Constitution the government and even the President is responsible to the Wolesi Jirga and must be accountable to the representatives of the Wolesi Jirga for his conduct and performance, but in practice it is the Presidency that holds the Wolesi Jirga Controls and exerts influence. Therefore, FEFA held a meeting with the participation of members of parliament, representatives of political parties, members of civil society organizations, students and members of the MPs Union of Afghanistan to analyze the challenges and obstacles of effective parliamentary oversight of the government, and each made suggestions and recommendations to realize effective parliamentary oversight on the government; which is listed below:

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