Discussion on the structure of the National Assembly and the duties of representatives
The Free and Fair Elections Forum of Afghanistan (FEFA) convened a meeting on September 04, 2019 with the students and youth of the Law and Political Science faculty of Parwan University. The goal of the meeting was aimed at inviting of an elected representative of the people of Parwan at the Wolesi Jirga or Meshrano Jirga to share information about the structure of the National Assembly, the duties of representatives, how they draft and adopted laws and legislate, and also to share their parliamentary experience to the participants. Also to speak for motivating and inspiring the students about a bright futures and serving their countrymen, but Mr. Zahir Salangi, the elected representative of the people of Parwan in the Wolesi Jirga could not attend the meeting. Subsequently for the better conduct of the meeting and the inevitable outcome, the FEFA representative provided information to the students on the Structure of national assembly, duties of the representatives and also on the approval and legislation of the National Assembly. This meeting which was attended by 50 fourth-grade students of Law and Political Science faculty of Parwan province, the FEFA Representative stated as follow ,on the structure and duties of parliament: Parliament (National Assembly) The Government of Afghanistan consists of three branches: the state (Executive branch), the Legislative branch (Parliament) and the Judiciary. The Afghan parliament or legislature which is an important pillar of the system, also called the National Assembly. The Afghan Parliament or National Assembly consists of two chambers; the Meshrano Jirga (Senate), Wolesi Jirga (House of Representatives). The main duties of the National Assembly are divided into three major divisions: 1. Legislation or Approval of laws 2. Monitoring the functioning of the government and legitimizing it 3. Proper Representation of People.
• Teachers • Students and Youths
FEFA held a debate with the students and youth of Parwan University on the structure of the National Assembly and the duties of the representatives.
1. Parwan University students and youth who participated in the program expressed gratitude for the meetings and called on FEFA to organize such effective and useful informative sessions with all Parwan students and youth. 2. Students call on FEFA to provide some study tours for the students so that this nationwide, impartial organization that has gained popularity across the country help out the youth and students on field of study tours to parliament, as well as to parliaments other countries around the world to make the youth more effective in the country with new ideas and effective experiences from other countries.
Wolesi Jirga (House of Representatives) Wolesi Jirga or The House of Representatives of the People is an important part of the Afghan parliament consists of 249 delegates. Each member of the Jirga represents the people which is based on the votes of the people from their respective provinces(constituency). Each province has representative in the Jirga by the number of its population. For example, any province with a larger population has more elected representatives in the Wolesi Jirga than those with less population. Female quota in the Wolesi Jirga is 62 seats, which represents the proportion of women in the Jirga. He said the Wolesi Jirga has an administrative board headed by the Speaker of the House. They are elected for 5 years on a inter-parliamentary election by the members of the chamber, as well as the First and Second Vice-Presidents, the Secretary and the Vice-President. Their service period in administrative board is for a year and they also elected each year through inter-parliamentary elections. The Wolesi Jirga has plenary sessions that by type its sessions are (Hearing session, Questioning sessions, Interpellation session and urgent session) the House of Representatives has 18 separate working committees that most of the work on laws and drafts are done by the committees and after being discussed in committees, the laws, conventions, and agreements are submitted to the General Assembly for getting vote of approval and revocation once all members of the House completed the quorum, as result the legislative documents gets a vote of approval or revocation. Meshrano Jirga (Senate) The Meshrano Jirga, also known as the Senate, is one of the National Assembly's Jirga which has three-thirds, the total of three-thirds involve 102-members. Each third has 34 elected members that make their way from Provincial Councils to the Senate with a term of four years, and the second third are appointed by the President for five years to serve in the Senate. As well as the third, third of they came from district councils of each province to the house, which unfortunately the this third of the Meshrano Jirga of Afghanistan does not exist due to not holding of district council elections. The Senate, like the Wolesi Jirga, has an administrative board, which is elected for five years from amongst all members of the House, as well as First and Second Vice-Presidents, Secretary and Vice- Secretary elected by the annual election among the members of the Senate. The Senate also has twelve separate working committees that address specific issues and laws, and then submit them to the General Assembly for approval and rejection. Recommendations 1. Parwan University students and youth who participated in the program expressed gratitude for the meetings and called on FEFA to organize such effective and useful informative sessions with all Parwan students and youth. 2. Students call on FEFA to provide some study tours for the students so that this nationwide, impartial organization that has gained popularity across the country help out the youth and students on field of study tours to parliament, as well as to parliaments other countries around the world and to make the youth more effective in the country with new ideas and effective experiences from other countries.
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