FEFA has overseen the upcoming election process from its inception, including election campaigns.
Elections are the foundation of democratic systems. The continuity and integrity of the election entails the continuity and integrity of the system and society and, in contrary, the lack of transparency and the integrity of the election, causes chaos, weak and precarious structures and corruption, and ultimately causes crisis and backwardness in society. Afghanistan has so far experienced six (three presidential elections, three parliamentary, and simultaneously three provincial council elections). Political factors, lack of transparent systems and mechanisms, tailored to society's needs and conditions, poor and ineffective management, insecurity and failure to enforce laws, as the main factors, have turned past elections into bitter and frustrating experiences, besides numerous deficiencies, have created complications and a climate of disbelief and mistrust about the effectiveness of this fundamental principle in society. Now, another crucial election on is ahead on 28 September. Despite widespread efforts to address electoral challenges, some of these efforts have although been both effective and enormous: unfortunately, there are still problems that threaten the integrity of elections in the country. Insecurity, lack of elections inclusiveness, political distrust among candidates, central and provincial management problems, and lack of a comprehensive system for the sound management of technical electoral processes, incompatibility and lack of proper compliance with laws, influence of local power brokers in commission work, the professionalism of the IEC staff, the shortage of female staff in the polling stations, the professional and legal treatment of candidate representatives in polling stations and observance of the principle of non-interference in electoral affairs, superficiality and irresponsibility of the various aspects involved in the election, including challenges, Which threatens future elections.
The Free and Fair Elections Forum of Afghanistan (FEFA) has overseen the upcoming election process from its inception, including election campaigns. FEFA's observatory findings have been shared with the Election Commission at various stages and in writing, along with corrective suggestions, and detailed in important cases through direct meetings. FEFA is also ready to observe and monitor the voting process and the vote counting process in 34 provinces, with about around 6000 male and female volunteer observers, using approved mechanisms. Report the findings their oversight of the status of this process to the Afghan people and stakeholders. It should be noted that this monitoring is carried out completely independently, without the assistance of international and domestic institutions. Most common of these observatory findings are as follows: 1. FEFA believes that the technical security of the biometric devices, in a managerial and practical way, is not properly considered, appropriate to the current needs, conditions, and unstable situation, and that the device may not function and be misused. However, if there is a problem, there is no possible solution and no alternative plan. However, in this regard, the IEC has assured a diverse and professional preparation and management of the cases that occurred in the last year's Wolesi Jirga. 2. The security check of open and polling centers on Election Day has not been realistic and correct. Received reports indicate that in Logar, Zabul and a number of other provinces, armed opposition has already closed down schools and public places from now on. Non availability of polling centers, the sending of sensitive materials to these centers, and a skepticism about this particular issue will be the main reason for questioning the transparency of the election. FEFA believes that a lack of realism and addressing this issue could be the basis for electoral fraud and acceptance of election results. 3. Reports indicate that due to insecurity, it is likely that election staff and voters in some provinces and polling stations will not be able to vote. If so, there must be an alternative plan in place to safeguard the rights of voters, and to take precautions to safeguard sensitive election material. Findings, from the flow of election campaigns, Election campaigns began on 28 July and continued from to 25 September of this years. The major findings are as follows: 1. Unbalanced use of state owned facilities and resources by a number of candidates. 2. Failure to maintain the neutrality of some official and civil servants, very explicit and illegally, in favor of specific campaigns. 3. Unethical and low class statements and positions made by some candidates against each other that have caused confusion and mistrust among the people and the electoral environment. 4. Weaknesses of the ECC and IEC in handling complaints, calculating and accurately tracking the expenses of the candidate's campaign. 5. The use of minors in election campaigns by some election tickets. 6. Non- inclusive coverage of election campaigns in all provinces. Election campaigns have disrupted the economy and normal the pace of society and caused serious damage to it. Concerns 1. FEFA is concerned that the issue of security and its provision, not just for Election Day, and limited to polling centers and polling stations, is not a comprehensive and fruitful approach. Ensuring the mental and physical security of voters, enabling them to dare to vote, is a top priority, and should be given serious consideration, along with securing election materials and staff. 2. There is serious concern about the quantity of temporary staff in the commission, the quality of their training, especially the use of the biometric device and their accountability for timely and responsible work on Election Day. 3. Disconnection of telecommunication and internet facilities with some provinces of the country. As Election Day approaches, a number of provinces are experiencing disruption of telecommunications and internet services due to insecurity. This can have a direct impact on the conduct of the elections and its transparency and cause further problems. FEFA believes that insecurity and mismanagement of the election can cause serious damage to the electoral process. Therefore, it warns that in the event of negligence and unlawful interference in the elections and lack of respect for laws and principles, elections can become a full-scale crisis in the country. FEFA, on the other hand, is concerned that the issue of insecurity, as a factor, will mask and justify the shortcomings, mismanagement and manipulation/ alteration of the voting process and announcement the results. It therefore recommends that electoral commissions, government and security agencies, candidates and their supporters should respect and contribute to the process by understanding and respecting the laws and holding in the best interest of the country and future prospects. will help the commissions in holing sound election. Election commissions also have the task of maintaining proper independence and impartiality, with lessons learned from past elections and its aftermath, to properly manage the continuation of the election process and, in the light of the laws, if necessary, to make important technical decisions. And consider alternative solutions in consultation with candidates, civil society organizations and parties, anticipate future problems and challenges. In the meantime, FEFA urges all candidates and their supporters to take a period of silence that includes 48 hours before Election Day, to respect the electoral law and refrain to continue the campaigns in any way The Election Complaints Commission also is a seriously expected that to closely monitor these sensitive steps and decisively and legally be deal with violators. September 28 the Election Day, is an important and fatal day: It therefore all electoral stakeholders, commissions, security agencies, candidates, supporters of candidates, observers, parties, civil society organizations, and government agencies and civil servants are requested to act in accordance with the laws and principles of elections only within their legal jurisdiction and to refrain from interference and unlawful conduct in the course of elections by law. The commissions are expected to act as responsible, independent and responsive electoral administrators, and to maintain their impartiality, perform their duties properly and transparently and complete their responsibility to the honorable nation of Afghanistan, that the outcome their work opens a new and golden page in the country's history. Hoping for a stable and secure Afghanistan!
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