Report on observation of 2018 parliamentary election
After the formation of the new political system in the country, the third parliamentary election with a three-year delay was held on October 20-2018. Since the Independent Election Commission (IEC) has failed to open a number of polling stations on the October 20 due to logistical and managerial reasons, the polls were conducted at these Polling Centers/stations on the 21st day. In Kandahar, due to the security situation after the assassination of several government officials, the elections were held with a one-week delay on the date of the October 27th. As a result, the 2018 parliamentary elections took place over a period of three days instead of one day. In this election, totally, 2691 candidates competed for a total of 238 seats in 33 provinces of Afghanistan (with the exception of 11 seats in Ghazni province). The number of candidates is somewhat consistent with the population of each province; Kabul has seen the largest number of candidates (more than 800 candidates). Unfortunately, unexpectedly, the number of female candidates is far lower than the level of regular participation. Out of a total of nearly 2,700 candidates in the recent election, only 418 of them were women. Although women's female candidates have risen from previous elections, there is a huge gap between the ideal situation and the elimination of gender inequalities. Elections but faced with various challenges. The process of preparing the voter list had problems, the IEC could not transfer the lists to many of polling Centers/stations or, in many cases, wrong lists were sent to the polling centers/stations. The use of biometrics on the election day was also a new experience due to the inability of the commission's staff and the logistical and managerial problems it has been used defectively. As a result of this problem, the electoral commission declared the non-biometric votes as credible/ valid. This provided a grounds for fraud and disappointed the people about the ability of the Independent Election Commission to use the technology.
Report on observation of 2018 Parliamentary election
• Improving the necessary infrastructure for the complete and sound voters' list and its timely notification at polling stations. • Enhance online information raising through the website of the commission and inform the public about visiting the website. • Improving logistics status for transfer of electoral materials. • Impose further transparency in the IEC staff recruitment process • Timely delivery of the biometric device and its training to the staff • Measures focused on Transparency • General pathology of different stages of elections and adopting measures to overcome shortcomings in the next stages
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