YPRAG advocacy meetings with the Deputy of Youth Affairs of MoIC
Youth political rights advocacy group held its advocacy meeting with MOIC on 9th October 2017 The youth political right advocacy group held a meeting with youth deputy of MOIC on 9th October 2017, to share it proposal on strengthening youth political participation. There were participants from MOIC, YPRAG members and Youth deputy of MOIC Mr Kamel Sadat at beginning of the program facilitator present a short presentation Youth Political Participation After the collapse of Taliban regime in 2001, Afghan youth turned to education and technology. The behavior of now day’s youth is very different. But there a lot of problems and challenges ahead youth. Youth don’t have the chances as elders to take part in civic, media, political, cultural and social activities. The youth who are members of parliament perform their duties better than elder Member of Parliament. Youth turnout in elections and their part in media indicate that youth are interested in institutionalization of democracy and human rights in their country. Factors of youth low level political participationFEFA evaluated youth political participation through holding focus groups and survey. FEFA reviewed youth participation in elections through these programs. The survey “Survey of the People of Afghanistan” which was held by the Asia Foundation indicate the following challenges of youth:
FEFA (Free and fair election forum of Afghanistan)
• MOIC • YPRAG • Youth deputy of MOIC
YPRAG advocacy meetings with the Deputy of Youth Affairs of MoIC
At end Mr. Kamel Sadat appreciate FEFA‘s affords and he motioned FEFA is a cooperated organization with MOIC, he premised MOIC will consider these recommendations for youth political participation.
Illiteracy and lack of higher educational opportunities; Economic problems; Insecurity; Lack of access to basic rights; Addiction to narcotics; Flee to other countries; Distrust on capabilities of youth; Unemployment; Misuse of youth trust and power; Distrust among youth; Partiality of electoral staff who create distrust among youth who are interested in election; Role of government in increasing youth political participation The National Youth Policy which was approved on August 25, 2014 obliges the government to consider a series of principles and values for youth developments. Values 4 and 6 and principle 2 of the National Youth Policy of Afghanistan ensure youth’s equal rights and their engagement in decision making processes. Principle two of the policy guaranty youth political participation. Youth have part in decision making processes and government is obliged to maintain their rights. Creating Educational Opportunities for Youth The National Unity Government has to create educational opportunities for youth. Almost 60% of population of Afghanistan is youth. Youth play important role in development of our country. Therefore, the government and Ministry of Higher Education have to create educational degree for youth across the country. Drug Eradication Programs by Ministry of Anti-Narcotics Ministry of Anti-narcotic, Deputy of Anti-narcotic of Ministry of Interior Affairs, Deputy of Youth Affairs of Ministry of Information & Culture, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Ministry of Public Health must undertake narcotic eradication programs Poverty and economic problems made a lot of youth flee the country or addict to narcotic. Based on a survey held by The Asia Foundation, 22% of youth of South-West are addicted to narcotics. This percentage is the highest percentage in 34 provinces of Afghanistan. Therefore, government must prevent youth addiction to narcotic and create work opportunities for them. Ministry of Anti-narcotic has to introduce an alternative of poppy to farmers to grow instead of poppy; The Deputy of Anti-narcotic of Ministry of Interior Affairs must arrest those who traffic narcotic and introduce them to judicial and justice institutions; The Youth Deputy of Ministry of Information & Culture must undertake and hold awareness programs on harms of narcotics. Ministry of Information & Culture give awareness on harms of narcotic through media specially government media and convince farmers to grow alternative of poppy; Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation must give information to people about the harms of narcotics through the its public councils Ministry of Agriculture must promote cultivation of Saffron instead of poppy Creating Work Opportunities Fighting the Improper Culture and Building Public Trust on Youth’s abilities The national unity government and CSOs must undertake specific programs to build public trust on youth Majority of people interviewed in Young-Figures survey seriously raised this issue and said accepting elders and rejecting youth is a big problem Ministry of Haj & Religious Affairs is recommended give awareness on youth capabilities through mosques. The Youth Deputy of Ministry of Information and Culture must have specific plans and proposals on building public trust on youth. This deputy must hold talks in this regard in media. Youth’s access to their basic rights According to article 22 of Constitution, The citizens of Afghanistan have equal rights and duties before law. This issue is raised as value 4 in Youth’s National Policy Citizen’s basic rights are a collection of rights given to citizens. On the other hand, a collection of citizenship privileges which are given o citizens based on rules and regulations. Citizens are called to all people who are living in a region and enjoy equal rights and duties. Free of speech, the right to elect or be elected is the basic rights of citizens. Given the definition of citizenship, youth are citizens and must enjoy the citizenship rights and opportunities. The Deputy of Youth Affairs of Ministry of Information and Culture, the Independent Election Commission and the organizations which are working for youth must advocate for youth rights Providing Economic Facilities for Youth The Deputy of Youth Affairs of Ministry of Information and Culture in Coordination with Electoral Commissions Must Provide a Series of Economic Facilities for Youth - Whereas, a major problems of young candidates of elective posts is economic problems, the participants of “Young Figures” survey stated that due to economic problems most of qualified youth cannot run for elective positions - Therefore, the Election Law must simplify the conditions of candidacy including deposit for young candidates. Presentation was include of those principles which belongs to MOIC it is worth mentioning This proposal has other recommendation for other stakeholders like IEC and IECC as well it will be share with these stakeholders as well.
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