Ninth Report on the Observation of Voters Registration Process
Important findings (from July 21, 2013 to July 27 2013) Findings show that in some provinces, people were unenthused and less driven to participate in the process due to insecurity. The security condition has direct impact on the VR process. The following events took place during last week: explosion of a mine in center of Ghazni province, naturalization of a mine in center of Farah province, and explosion of a bomb near the police HQ in Baghlan province. The mentioned events didn’t cause closure of the centers but scared people decreased the participation level of people. In Zabul and Paktika provinces the insurgents advertised that taking part in the VR process and voting is unlawful. The threats had negative impacts on the process. Delay in the opening of the centers and lack of on time presence of IEC staff at the centers In some provinces the VR staffs do not observe their working schedule which encourages lack of interest in people for VR process. In Takhar, Ghazni, Farah, Mazar-Sharif, and Herat Many IEC staff members come ten minute to one hour late in the mornings and close the centers ten to one hour early than the schedule and even some are absent. Fraud and Violation: Some fraud and Violations have taken place in some centers. In Balkh province two women who introduced themselves representatives of UNHCR took several groups of house wives by the name of widow and refuges to the female site of Mawlana Jalaluddin Balkhi voting center to receive cards and after they received cards the mentioned two women collected their cards. The women who were taken to the center said, they were house wives and widows not refugees and instead of their cards they will receive 100$. In Paktika province due to cultural problems the women are not permitted to come out of their houses so very body can bring a list of women and receive voting Cards for them.
Technical problems: Technical problems are a major problem seen in some centers. The problem was seen in Ghazni, Ghor, Faryab, and Takhar which delayed the process and encouraged lack of interest in people for VR process. - In Takhar province the camera, Transformer, Solar batteries, printers, and scissors weren’t working promptly which delayed the process for 30 minutes. - In Ghazni province the camera was not working in the VR center that as a result the applicants left the place without receiving cards. - In Faryab province the camera of female site was not working so; they had to use the camera of male site for both sites (male site and female site) which delayed the process. - Lack of electricity in Ghore province was major problem which delayed the process - The Independent Election Commission launched a process of “top up” of voter registration on May 26, 2013. Based on the VR procedure prepared by the Independent Election Commission, voter registration process will take place in two different phases. The first phase covers 41 centers in 34 provinces. Each center includes two sites, one for male and one for female. The second phase of the process will cover 440 centers in the districts and villages. The second phase will take two month to distribute card. - The voter registration stage of the electoral process is intended to ensure voting cards are distributed to the new eligible, returning Afghan refugees, eligible voters who have moved from one constituency to another constituency, those who have lost their voting cards, whose voting cards are damages that identifying their profile is difficult, and those who have never received a card before. - Free and Fair Elections Forum of Afghanistan (FEFA) was accredited with the IEC to conduct independent observation of the all electoral process. FEFA deployed 82 professional and trained observers to observe the first phase of the voter registration process in 34 provinces. The observers send their observation findings to the central office of FEFA. After the findings are analyzed by the Program team of FEFA they are shared with the IEC and other partner institutions. It’s worth mentioning that FEFA provincial coordinators have shared the findings with the IEC provincial departments and have recommended solutions to above mentioned problems.
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