FREE AND FAIR ELECTION FORUM OF AFGHANISTAN

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Parliament’s Perception on Electoral Reforms 2015

The third Afghan presidential election was held on April 2014 with an unprecedented voter turnout. Afghans, despite serious security threats went to the polls and casted their votes. In contrast to public expectation, the IEC failed to announce the results on time, which was the first alarming sign of a flawed process. In the first round, none of the candidates were able to win the majority (50+1) of votes that led to runoff elections. The two frontrunners competed in the second round, however, due to massive fraud, lack of transparency in adjudication of electoral complaints and intervention of government officials in the process, the run-off process brought no concrete results. The electoral commissions (the IEC and the IECC), as a result, lost their credibility to the public and to their national and international stakeholders. The intervention of the international community and the government of the United States led to signing of an agreement between the two candidates that ended up in establishment of the National Unity Government. The agreement signed on 21 September 2014 comprises seven articles. Article 5 of the agreement emphasizes on electoral reform i.e., amending of the electoral laws, and restructuring the election management bodies. On 2 March 2015, based on article 5 of the political framework, President Ghani established a commission to reform the electoral system by issuing a presidential decree. The ever-present violence that accompanies elections in Afghanistan coupled with flawed legal framework and weak election administration has necessitated the need for critical review of democratic process in Afghanistan; hence a demand for the entire makeover of the system that govern elections to be reformed. According to the Afghan constitution, the parliamentary elections should have been held between May and June of 2015, but holding another round of elections without reform of the electoral system can be very challenging and again a flawed process.

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3/8/2015

Date

FEFA

Publisher

Survey

Type

Election

Category

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