FEFA’s Recommendations for Effective and Functional Use of International Aid
Afghanistan has been receiving vast financial and technical assistance from the international community since the first presidential election in 2014, and the need for such assistance remains tangible and comprehensible, FEFA emphasizes strategic and effective use of this assistance and requests stakeholders to ensure the aid is spent effectively to produce continuous efficiency and measurable results. However, transparency and accountability in the spending of aids is of utmost importance at every stage. FEFA considers the role of international community very momentous in enhancing credibility and institutionalization of election process as a prestigious, accountable and legitimate mechanism and simultaneously in professionalizing the trends related to election process. Taking into account the aforementioned cases, FEFA emphasize a three-dimensional approach to spending aid given by the international community. These three-dimensional approaches are: 1) Institutional development, 2) assuring transparency, and 3) accountability. Paying attention to the mentioned areas could ensure effective and transparent use of donations in future. Additionally, support and technical assistances should not only be provided to one section or particular structure but to overall electoral cycles and election stakeholders; for instance, the civil society organizations, political parties, media or other relevant structures which are engaged in election and can play a substantial role in legitimacy, transparency and credibility of election process. If the EMB and electoral stakeholders have the technical capacity and knowledge of election process, it can undoubtedly play a positive role in improvement of election and effectiveness of the whole process.
. FEFA Representatives . UNAMA members including H.E Yamamoto "The Special Representative of UN Secretary General"
FEFA’s Recommendations for Effective and Functional Use of International Aid in the Electoral Process of Afghanistan
1.1. We recommend establishment of a joint committee of Accounting and Estimation to review electoral needs and draft solutions to meet those needs and then make sure the aids/donations are spent transparently and effectively. The committee will have inclusive authorities and be accountable to the international community. The committee must prepare its reports and share it with the IEC and international community on regular basis. The reports released by the committee can be a good source for measurement of effectiveness of expenditures and identification of technical needs/assistance and continuation of cooperation. Members of the committee must be professionals, have good background and could be from among the international and national figures. The members of the committee should be identified and employed through a transparent process UN and EMB. It is better for the IEC to determine and define a legal and administrative framework for the committee through a legal document and to develop a policy to fighting corruption, explain its technical dimensions and handling mechanism. 1.2. Additionally, anti-corruption policies and codes of conduct must be developed and implemented by EMBs with UN and CSOs assistance. Implementation of these policies must be continuously monitored and reviewed by UN, EMB and CSOs. Conflicts of interest which inhibit the concentration of financial and administrative authority must be discovered and eradicated, and segregation of duties must be approved according to specific frameworks. The experiences and lessons learned in previous years must be considered in this regard. 1.3. Foreign aids must be strategically and effectively utilized by the IEC, ECC and all stakeholders through a defined framework of accountability and efficiency. Budgets and plans must be devised to have long-term effect rather than temporary satisfaction for one election cycle. Short-sighted estimations can destabilize the normal course of an election, causing the international community to decrease its support, leaving Afghanistan's election processes dependent on the international community. Therefore, if the international community end its support, the future of free elections in Afghanistan will be jeopardized and the process will face continued financial challenges. For full list of recommendations, download the attached pdf file.
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